release n° 1/2017

Gennaio - Marzo

una iniziativa di

CIBO, NUTRIZIONE, SOSTENIBILITÀ. IL LORO PESO NELL’AGENDA POLITICA, DELLE ISTITUZIONI, DELLA RICERCA E DEI MEDIA. QUALI SONO LE TENDENZE E GLI ARGOMENTI PIÙ TRATTATI?

Sviluppato dalla Fondazione Barilla Center for Food and Nutrition (BCFN) con il Milan Center for Food Law and Policy, il Report è uno strumento per promuovere e diffondere la conoscenza delle complesse tematiche relative al cibo al fine di sensibilizzare governi, istituzioni e opinione pubblica sull’urgenza di agire per rendere il nostro pianeta realmente sostenibile.
Il Food Sustainability Report vuol essere per gli addetti ai lavori un utile ausilio per orientarsi nell’enorme flusso di informazioni riguardanti il cibo ed i suoi impatti in termini sociali, economici, ambientali al fine di comprendere come e quanto queste dinamiche vadano ad impattare sulla nostra quotidianità e sugli equilibri che caratterizzano il complesso sistema della produzione alimentare. 
Il Report trimestrale nasce dalla costante analisi di notizie e documenti su cibo e sostenibilità diffusi on line dalle principali fonti in lingua anglosassone, tra cui siti di informazione, organismi governativi, agenzie internazionali, organizzazioni non governative e istituti di ricerca.
Il Food Sustainability Report fotografa la dimensione, i contenuti prevalenti e le tendenze del dibattito, della ricerca, della legislazione e delle azioni concrete in corso, attraverso dati sul volume di informazioni diffuse, analisi semantiche sui temi al centro dell’attenzione, segnalazioni di notizie, documenti e ricerche da leggere, tenere in considerazione e portare in evidenza.
In questo percorso si inseriscono anche l’elaborazione del primo Food Sustainability Index (FSI), che redige e aggiorna una classifica di 25 grandi Paesi del mondo in base alla sostenibilità del loro sistema alimentare, il Food Sustainability Media Award, premio internazionale rivolto a giornalisti e talenti emergenti che sapranno raccontare nel modo migliore - con testi, video o immagini - i paradossi del sistema agroalimentare e proporre soluzioni concrete, e la Right to Food Map, sviluppata dal Milan Center for Food Law and Policy con Fondazione BCFN che analizza quotidianamente i più rilevanti documenti in lingua inglese relativi a diritto al cibo, nutrizione e sostenibilità. Una nota in particolare: dal progetto Right to Food Map deriva proprio il Food Sustainability Report.

THE FOOD TOPICS CLOUD

Total mentions
21.651
Unique author
6.066
Nel periodo gennaio-marzo 2017 abbiamo rilevato oltre 20 mila news su cibo, nutrizione e sostenibilità pubblicate sui siti web appartenenti alle 4 aree di analisi: Media, Legislation, International Agencies & NGOs, Research. Ciò conferma l’enorme rilevanza del tema cibo sui media e tra le istituzioni.
La Cloud permette di farsi immediatamente un’idea dei temi su cui più si è concentrata l’attenzione. Si possono individuare 3 “cluster” di argomenti emersi nel primo trimestre 2017: i cambiamenti climatici, a cominciare dal Global Warming; l’insediamento negli Stati Uniti dell’Amministrazione Trump; il rischio carestia che sta colpendo decine di milioni di persone, soprattutto nell’Africa orientale.
I primi due temi sono collegati: com’era stato anticipato a metà di gennaio in occasione della 46esima edizione del Word Economic Forum di Davos, nel primo trimestre dell’anno il nuovo Presidente degli Stati Uniti ha marcato con nettezza la propria discontinuità dal predecessore Barack Obama in materia di politiche ambientali. Da qui il “revamping” del dibattito sul tema del Global Warming ma, anche, l’attenzione ai primi provvedimenti legislativi presi dalla nuova Amministrazione Usa.
Il terzo tema, il rischio carestia, ha occupato notevole spazio a seguito dell’eccezionalità di un fenomeno con cui si stanno confrontando non solo i Governi direttamente coinvolti ma quelli degli altri Paesi dei mondo, chiamati ad un notevole sforzo umanitario, e le più importanti agenzie internazionali, a cominciare dalla FAO.
Su questo tema Hilal Elver, United Nations Special Rapporteur on Right to Food, dichiara: “Armed conflict, coupled with economic crisis, high food prices, debilitated agricultural production, and in some cases severe impacts of drought, and climate change induced extreme weather events has resulted in millions of people going hungry in Syria, Yemen, South Sudan, Nigeria and Somalia, to name a few countries. Deliberate blocking food and water from civilians is a crime against humanity but there is impunity. We need legally binding global agreement to remind responsibility to protect for the international community that is already in UN charter. Unfortunately, the question of how to eliminate hunger and even famine and protect the right to food for all in the context of grave humanitarian situations is still an urgent matter in the 21st century. This is a critical question, which merits the immediate attention of the international community.”
Danielle Nierenberg, presidente e fondatrice di Food Tank e membro dell’Advisory Board della Fondazione BCFN, inquadra il fenomeno in un contesto più ampio e, se possibile, ancor più allarmante: “Malgrado l’aumento delle superfici coltivate e della produttività agricola, con tutte le conseguenze anche negative d’impatto sull’ambiente derivanti dalla massiccia produzione di cibo, ogni anno 36 milioni di persone muoiono per denutrizione e carestia e il problema della fame è lungi dall’essere risolto”. Un dato confermato anche dalle risultanze del Food Sustainability Index che, sottolinea Nierenberg, “indica come su questo tema ci siano ancora vaste aree di miglioramento in molte zone del pianeta”.
20 milioni di persone - afferma Livia Pomodoro, presidente del Milan Center for Food Law and Policy - stanno per affrontare la peggior carestia che il mondo abbia sperimentato fin da quando sono nate le Nazioni Unite. È una sconfitta politica e morale, perché il mondo avrebbe dovuto sostenere economicamente, subito, la risposta a questa crisi e vincerla. Se ogni essere umano ha diritto ad un cibo adeguato, ogni Paese ha il dovere di fare la sua parte nella battaglia contro la fame. Se il cibo è un diritto per ognuno di noi - conclude Pomodoro - sconfiggere la fame è un dovere morale che una Convenzione non scritta impone alle nazioni del mondo”.

IL FOOD SUSTAINABILITY INDEX CONFERMA QUANTO SIANO VASTE LE AREE DEL PIANETA A RISCHIO CARESTIA, IN AFRICA E NON SOLO.


Basti vedere il punteggio totalizzato dai Paesi esaminati dall'Index relativamente all'indicatore Prelevance of Under- and Malnourishment (ricordiamo che il punteggio va da 0 a 100 e più è basso, più indica una situazione di criticità).
Agli ultimi cinque posti figurano:

  • INDIA 15.56
  • ETIOPIA 28.71
  • INDONESIA 50.51
  • NIGERIA 60.00
  • EGITTO 72.93


Per visualizzare tutti i dati CLICCA QUI

ANALYSIS / Un'analisi semantica sui temi al centro dell'attenzione

Hot topics


TOP NEWS / News e documenti da non perdere

Media
MOTHERJONES.COM
Trump just released his plan to gut Obama’s climate policies

The wide-ranging order, which will be accompanied by other environmental directives, targets Obama-era policies across the government, including in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Department of Interior, and the Department of Defense. It directs the EPA to revisit the Clean Power Plan, which limits carbon pollution from power plants and was considered the centerpiece of former President Barack Obama's climate policy.

EURACTIV.COM
Smart farming hinges on e-skills and rural internet access

The digitalisation of agriculture could help Europe address food security and environmental issues at the same time. But realising this vision will require e-skills, proper broadband infrastructure and big data management, experts warn. The discussion on the post-2020 Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has already begun and it seems digital farming will take centre stage in the new framework.

HUFFINGTONPOST.COM
U.N. Expert: biodiversity is essential to human rights

For the first time, a United Nations report has recognized biodiversity and healthy ecosystems as essential to human rights. The report, authored by U.N. Special Rapporteur John Knox, a human rights expert and professor of international law at Wake Forest University, comes amid a biodiversity crisis that many scientists have pegged as the beginning of Earth’s sixth mass extinction event.

PRI.ORG
Drought doesn't cause famine. People do

The United Nations announced this month that more than 20 million people in four countries are teetering on the edge of famine, calling the situation “the worst humanitarian crisis” since the end of World War II. The current situations in Somalia, Yemen, Nigeria and South Sudan are undeniably harsh. The key for avoiding the worst outcomes? Political will, experts say.

WASHINGTONPOST.COM
Keep watch for these three new labels on packaged foods

Food shopping can be a daunting experience. With roughly 20,000 new products introduced each year, decoding the nutrition facts and label claims on even a small fraction of them could keep you in the grocery aisle all day. That’s where front-of-the-package emblems come in - nongovernment, third-party-authorized stamps that tell us at a glance that a product meets a specific set of standards.

THEGUARDIAN.COM
World Water Day: one in four children will live with water scarcity by 2040

One in four of the world’s children will be living in areas with extremely limited water resources by 2040 as a result of climate change, the UN has warned. Within two decades, 600 million children will be in regions enduring extreme water stress, with a great deal of competition for the available supply. The poorest and most disadvantaged will suffer most, according to research published by Unicef to mark World Water Day on Wednesday.

CNN.COM
Soda wars. The UK's tax on sugary drinks is working

Britain's new tax on sugary drinks won't come into effect for more than a year, but it's already working. The government announced the new tax in 2016 as part of an effort to reduce childhood obesity, projecting that it would raise £520 million ($632 million) in additional revenue.

USATODAY.COM
EU wastes 88 million tons of food a year

The sheer waste of food had been bothering teacher Marijke De Jongh for so long that two years ago she set up a pop-up restaurant to serve perfectly good groceries and meat that were approaching their expiry date. With her Rekub team, she followed it up with an app that brings thousands of consumers to retail shops were they can buy food closing in on its sell-by date.

NYTIMES.COM
Malnutrition wiping out children in Northern Nigeria, aid workers say

Starvation in northern Nigeria’s Borno State is so bad that a whole slice of the population - children under 5 - appears to have died, aid agencies say. As the Nigerian army has driven the terrorist group Boko Haram out of the area, about two million people have been displaced. Many are living in more than 100 refugee camps.

INDIATODAY.IN
Water scarcity could result in some regions losing 6% of their GDP: World Bank report

Water security is one of the most difficult of the United Nations (UN) sustainable development goals to achieve. Without managing water resources other development goals like food and energy security and better quality of life will remain elusive. A 2016 World Bank report finds that water scarcity, triggered by climate change can result in some regions losing 6 per cent of their GDP. It will also trigger forced migration and conflict. 

Legislazione
USDA.GOV
Climate Hubs and 4-H: partnering with tomorrow's leaders to sustain agriculture today

U.S. Congress recognized the benefit of this approach with the passing of the Smith-Lever Act in 1914 that created Cooperative Extension and nationalized 4-H clubs. Today, 4-H remains an important conduit for educating the agricultural leaders of tomorrow while imparting best practices to the producers of today.

GOV.UK
Agenda 2030: delivering the Global Goals

The 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development (the Goals) will shape the world’s approach to growth and sustainable development until 2030. this ambitious agenda sets out the framework through which the world will work together to combat the most pressing challenges of our time, including eradicating extreme poverty, ending hunger, protecting our environment and breaking down gender barriers. This document provides an overview and examples of how the UK Government is contributing to the delivery of each of the Goals.

EUROPARL.EUROPA.EU/THINKTANK
Circular economy package. Four legislative proposals on waste

As part of a shift towards a circular economy, the European Commission made four legislative proposals introducing new waste-management targets regarding reuse, recycling and landfilling, strengthening provisions on waste prevention and extended producer responsibility, and streamlining definitions, reporting obligations and calculation methods for targets. 

EC.EUROPA.EU
New European 'Big Data' e-infrastructure to support biodiversity research

The European Commission today granted the legal status of European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC) to the e-Science and Technology European Infrastructure for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Research (LifeWatch). With this measure, the EU provides the facility with many administrative advantages enjoyed by international organisations and therefore helps to successfully implement the infrastructure project.

EUROPARL.EUROPA.EU
From farm to fork: strengthening food checks in Europe

Consumers are entitled to know that the food they buy and eat is safe, however food fraud cases such as the 2013 horsemeat scandal show that is not always the case. On Wednesday 15 March MEPs vote on new rules to tighten up official inspections throughout the food chain. We talked to Austrian S&D member Karin Kadenbach, the MEP responsible for steering the proposal through Parliament, about the benefits of the new legislation. 

NIFA.USDA.GOV
USDA announces $12.1 million to support crop protection and pest management

The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) announced $12.1 in available funding through the Crop Protection and Pest Management (CPPM) Competitive Grants Program. “Pests, including insects and other arthropods, microbial pathogens, weeds, and vertebrates pose threats to U.S. food security,” said NIFA Director Sonny Ramaswamy.

MIDLOTHIAN.GOV.UK
Green energy boost as Millerhill food waste recycling plant officially opens

Councillors from Midlothian and The City of Edinburgh Councils paid a visit to the Zero Waste Parc in Millerhill to see for themselves how a new state of the art facility will turn the region’s food waste into renewable energy. This facility is capable of recycling all of the discarded food that is collected by the two councils, plus some additional waste from local businesses and industries.

EC.EUROPA.EU
#Whatfoodmeans in Ethiopia

In 2015, Ethiopia endured its worst dry spell in half a century. Almost 18 million people suffered food shortages, more than double the number in any previous year, and 10 million people needed emergency food aid. The European Commission's Humanitarian Aid Operations and the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) have teamed up to support the most vulnerable people in Ethiopia.

INSPECTION.GC.CA
Government of Canada proposes new rules to strengthen food safety

The proposed Safe Food for Canadians Regulations would better protect Canadian families by putting a greater emphasis on preventing food safety risks for all foods imported into Canada or sold across provinces. The regulations would also apply to foods prepared for export. Food businesses would be required to have preventive controls in place to identify and manage food safety risks before products are sold to consumers.

THELOCAL.FR
France bans unlimited refills of soda drinks to battle bulging obesity levels

The new law was published in the government's Journal Officiel website on Thursday. It specifically states that it's illegal to sell soft drinks at a fixed price for an unlimited amount of drink, and illegal to offer unlimited amounts for free. The ban applies to all soft drinks or soda "fountains" in places open to the public, including fast food-chains and restaurants. The law is another step to fight the problem of obesity.

Agenzia internazionale & NGO
UNICEF.ORG
27 million people lack safe water in countries facing or at risk of famine

Water shortages, inadequate sanitation, poor hygiene practices and disease outbreaks are posing an additional threat to severely malnourished children in northeast Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen. “The combination of malnutrition, dirty water and poor sanitation sets off a vicious cycle from which many children never recover,” said Manuel Fontaine, UNICEF Director of Emergency Programmes.

IISD.ORG
Fifth Mediterranean Forest Week

The Fifth Mediterranean Forest Week aims to strengthen exchanges and synergies between global stakeholders in the restoration of Mediterranean forests and landscapes, to help achieve Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 15 (Life on Land) and other globally agreed targets related to forest restoration, and facilitate the adaptation of Mediterranean forest landscapes to climate change.

WORLDBANK.ORG
Sovereign wealth funds: the catalyst for climate finance?

Following the Paris deal on international climate change, governments are beginning to explore new financing mechanisms for investing in the growing low carbon economy. Over the next decade sovereign wealth funds (SWFs) could become an important game changer in green investing.

WHO.INT
WHO support saves lives of malnourished children in Syria

Six years into the Syria crisis, malnutrition rates have increased, especially among children under 5 years of age. Almost 4.3 million boys and girls under the age of 5 are in need of nutrition services. WHO is working to ensure that children suffering from malnutrition are diagnosed and treated before their condition leads to serious and long-term medical complications.

UN.ORG
‘Turn the tide on plastic’ urges UN, as microplastics in the seas now outnumber stars in our galaxy

Launching an unprecedented global campaign, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is urging everyone to eliminate the use of microplastics and stop the excessive, wasteful use of single-use plastic, to save the world’s seas and oceans from irreversible damage before it’s too late.

WORLDBANK.ORG
Involving communities to achieve sustainable development

The Government of India’s ambitious $22 billion program - the Swachh Bharat Mission – aims to achieve universal access to sanitation and rid the country of open defecation by 2019. The World Bank is supporting it with a $1.5 billion loan and technical assistance.

IFAD.ORG
Billions needed to eradicate poverty and hunger – IFAD conference looks for new ways of financing

The world needs to take urgent action to mobilise the estimated US$265 billion a year needed to achieve the first two Sustainable Development Goals to end poverty and hunger by 2030, said Kanayo F. Nwanze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) at last night’s opening of a conference focused on finding innovative ways to finance rural development.

FAO.ORG
Overweight affects almost half the population of all countries in Latin America and the Caribbean except for Haiti

Obesity and overweight are on the rise throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, and are particularly prevalent among women and children, according to a new report by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).

WEFORUM.ORG
Women’s economic empowerment is the smart thing to do. What's stopping us?

Inclusive and sustainable development around the world – leaving no one behind – is the overarching vision of the UN’s 2030 Agenda. Gender equality and women’s economic empowerment are central to the realization of this vision, yet gender gaps around the world remain large, pervasive and persistent. 

WEFORUM.ORG
We can eradicate hunger by 2030. Here's how

Every day too many men and women in countries across the globe struggle to feed their children a simple, nutritious meal. When we talk about achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), we’re talking about transforming the lives of these families at the bottom of the economic pyramid. The SDGs offer us a results-driven blueprint for achieving worldwide peace and prosperity.

Ricerca
IFPRI.ORG
Nutrition and economic development. Exploring Egypt's exceptionalism and the role of food subsidies

Egypt faces two nutritional challenges. The first is the “growth-nutrition disconnect.” High economic growth has not been accompanied by reduction in chronic child malnutrition, at least throughout the 2000s. The second challenge is the simultaneous presence of chronic undernutrition and overnutrition (due to excess consumption of calories).

ONLINELIBRARY.WILEY.COM
Mediterranean diet may reduce risk of form of breast cancer

Following a Mediterranean diet could help reduce the risk of contracting one of the worst types of breast cancer by 40%, according to a large study for the Wpublished in the International Journal of Cancer on Mondayorld Cancer Research Fund. The Mediterranean diet, which is rich in olive oil, fish, fruit, nuts, vegetables and wholegrains, has well-publicised benefits, including reducing the risk of stroke and heart disease.

THECHICAGOCOUNCIL.ORG
Five data-driven insights for greater food security in 2017

Each year the Global Hunger Index (GHI) is calculated to track country-by-country progress toward the global goal of zero hunger. This year’s report contains some great news - the country Myanmar, for example, has made huge strides in addressing malnutrition - but also many sobering stats. Here are five must-know insights from the GHI released this past fall.

NEWSCIENTIST.COM
Junk food tax and veg subsidies could add 500,000 years of life

Taxing junk food and subsidising healthier options could save Australia billions of dollars by preventing people from getting sick. A study that looked at consumer habits finds that the two-pronged approach should be more effective than one based on taxes alone. But the Australian government has no plans to either tax unhealthy food or subsidise fruit and vegetables.

EUIPO.EUROPA.ORG
The economic cost of ipr infringement in the pesticides sector

In a study carried out in collaboration with the European Patent O ce1, the European Union Intellectual Property O ce (EUIPO)2, acting through the Observatory, has estimated that approximately 42% of total economic activity and 28% of all employment in the EU is directly generated by IPR-intensive industries, with a further 10% of jobs in the EU arising from purchases of goods and services from other industries by IPR-intensive industries.

EUREKALERT.COM
New research concludes that pasta eaters have better diet quality

New research analyzing the diets of people who eat pasta has revealed more good news about one of America's favorite foods. The research on pasta, presented at The Obesity Society's annual meeting in New Orleans this past November, concluded that pasta consumption in adults is associated with overall better diet quality when compared to adults who don't eat pasta.

THE-AMERICAN-INTEREST.COM
UK can farm smarter, greener

A new report from researchers at the University of Sheffield has found that a simple adjustment in farming practices could increase crop yields in the UK’s peatlands while simultaneously increasing that soil’s ability to store the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide.

BIOMEDCENTRAL.COM
A randomised controlled trial of dietary improvement for adults with major depression (the ‘SMILES’ trial)

The possible therapeutic impact of dietary changes on existing mental illness is largely unknown. The results of this randomized controlled trial indicate that dietary improvement may provide an efficacious and accessible treatment strategy for the management of this highly prevalent mental disorder.

AAP.ORG
The Mediterranean diet and ADHD in children and adolescents

We found a positive relationship between a lower adherence to the Mediterranean diet and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnoses. The current findings suggest that certain dietary habits may play a role in ADHD development.

ACADEMIC.OUP.COM
Grilled, barbecued meats may raise death risk for breast cancer survivors

Grilled, barbecued, and smoked meat intake, a prevalent dietary source of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) carcinogens, may increase the risk of incident breast cancer. A new study published on the Journal of the National Cancer Institute shows that high intake of grilled/barbecued and smoked meat may increase mortality after breast cancer.

FOCUS ON

CARESTIA IN YEMEN, SOUTH SUDAN, SOMALIA E NIGERIA.
LA PIÙ GRAVE CRISI UMANITARIA DAL SECONDO DOPOGUERRA.

Stephen O’Brien, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator delle Nazioni Unite, il 10 marzo ha riferito del proprio viaggio in Yemen, South Sudan, Somalia e Nigeria e parlato del rischio che 20 milioni di persone muoiano di fame nella più grave crisi umanitaria dalla nascita dell’ONU nel 1945. Abbiamo quindi deciso di analizzare il termine “Famine” nella nostra selezione di fonti web….
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